Community Manifesto for HIV Long-Acting Injectable PrEP in Europe

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EATG together with more than 40 global and regional organisations endorse a community manifesto calling for the introduction of long-acting injectable PrEP in Europe.

17 October 2023 From approval in the USA (2012) and in Europe (2016) oral PrEP has had a significant impact on population HIV incidence, especially in gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), in high-income settings.

Oral HIV PrEP is highly efficacious when taken as prescribed, and is largely acceptable as an HIV prevention technology in those who use it. Oral PrEP has been a significant new addition to combination HIV prevention approaches, along with condoms, PEP, and treatment-as-prevention.

However, significant barriers to accessing oral PrEP remain and these barriers result in significant health inequalities. Further, taking a (daily) oral medication is not an acceptable or feasible method of HIV prevention for many who could benefit from PrEP. The development of multi-methods of PrEP will increase adherence as well as PrEP acceptability and choice, and thereby improve uptake of PrEP regionally and globally.

New formulations of PrEP have been studied, with a number of highly effective methods becoming approved for use. These include vaginal-ring formulations, and long-acting injectable PrEP. ViiV’s long-acting formulation of cabotegravir PrEP (LA-CAB) has been approved in, Australia, Botswana, Malawi, South Africa, US, and Zimbabwe and has been submitted for regulatory approval to the EMA and in over 10 countries thus far. Recent voluntary licensing agreements have been agreed, enabling generic LA-CAB to be manufactured and prescribed in over 90 countries, subject to pending regulatory approvals. However, due to a dearth of manufacturing facilities, drug stock is currently limited until new plants become fully functional in 2025.

This document results from a consensus meeting held in Paris in March 2023 between regional and international HIV prevention organisations and activists including: AIDES; AIDS Action Europe; AVAC; Coalition PLUS; EATG; Fundacja Edukacji Spolecznej; GSSG – Germany’s Charitable Foundation Sexuality and Health; and PrEPster at The Love Tank CIC.

At the consensus meeting, four key pillars for pushing for new PrEP technologies were identified and agreed as a collaborative approach to increasing access to LA-CAB in Europe for people who need it. They should be operationalised in parallel, and in part facilitate broader access to PrEP, beyond LA-CAB. These four pillars are:

  • Pillar one: to push for the introduction of LA-CAB at the earliest opportunity
  • Pillar two: to push for national LA-CAB implementation projects while collecting data to inform guidelines for full scale-up
  • Pillar three: to advocate for the affordability of LA-CAB regionally and globally
  • Pillar four: to challenge the social and structural barriers to the introduction of PrEP

Pillar one: to push for the introduction of LA-CAB at the earliest opportunity

Actions to address this pillar include:

  • Ensuring a timely approval of LA-CAB through the European Medicines Agency (EMA)[1] or other relevant European medicines approval agencies
  • As appropriate, ViiV submits country-specific regulatory approval of LA-CAB
  • Ensuring that LA-CAB is included in national and regional PrEP guidance, including that of relevant professional bodies
  • Ensuring funding, provider training, demand creation and communication processes are in place at the national level

Pillar two: to push for the introduction of national LA-CAB implementation projects while collecting data to inform guidelines for full scale-up

Actions to address this pillar include:

  • Ensuring that implementation research projects are funded as a parallel process to regulatory approval to answer outstanding questions including testing algorithms and potential integrase inhibitor drug resistance
  • Ensuring that clinical research and implementation data are made available in a transparent and open fashion to influence prescribing guidance for LA-CAB
  • Ensuring that community-based organisations and people who use PrEP (or who will use PrEP) are central to decision making regarding on-going knowledge generation concerning PrEP development and implementation research
  • Implementation of LA CAB is de-centralised, delivered through community-led initiatives targeting PrEP underserved populations

Pillar three: to advocate for the affordability of LA-CAB regionally and globally

Actions to address this pillar include:

  • Ensuring that price-setting of LA-CAB is established at levels that injectable PrEP is affordable (not least because of the added burden of additional clinic visits cf oral PrEP)
  • Ensuring access to generic LA-CAB that is priced comparable to oral PrEP

Pillar four: to challenge the social and structural barriers to the introduction of PrEP

Actions to address this pillar include:

  • Ensuring that LA-CAB is made available in settings that are acceptable and accessible to those who are currently underserved in prevention settings
  • Ensuring LA-CAB programs are built and informed by community needs
  • Ensuring community counselling and linkages for adherence and consistent LA-CAB uptake
  • Decriminalising populations in need of PrEP, including undocumented migrants, sex workers and drug users

All four pillars above should be implemented in parallel. LA-CAB has the potential to largely reduce HIV transmission in Europe. However, the real-world population level impact will depend on uptake of this new prevention method and its retention in care. Let’s not repeat the delays accrued in the rollout of oral PrEP. The time to implement LA-CAB in Europe is now.


Women and Modern World Social Charitable CentreAzerbaijan
Plateforme Prévention SidaBelgium
Health without BordersBulgaria
Czech AIDS HelpCzechia
Positiiviset ry, HivFinlandFinland
Gemeinnützige Stiftung Sexualität und Gesundheit GSSGGermany
ANLAIDS LombardiaItaly
Fondazione LILA MilanoItaly
LILA – Italian League for Fighting AIDSItaly
Association of HIV affected women and their families DemetraLithuania
Fundacja Edukacji SpołecznejPoland
PREKURSOR FoundationPoland
Association SKUCSlovenia
Adhara – Sevilla CheckpointSpain
BCN CheckpointSpain
HivstigmafighterThe Netherlands
Red Ribbon Istanbul AssociationTurkey
menZDRAV Foundation – UkraineUkraine
aidsmapUnited Kingdom
BrigstoweUnited Kingdom
The Eddystone TrustUnited Kingdom
METRO CharityUnited Kingdom
LGBT FoundationUnited Kingdom
The Love TankUnited Kingdom
National AIDS TrustUnited Kingdom
Queen Mary University of London – SHARE CollaborativeUnited Kingdom
Safe OnlyUnited Kingdom
Sophia ForumUnited Kingdom
Terrence Higgins TrustUnited Kingdom
Yorkshire MESMACUnited Kingdom
AIDS Action EuropeInternational
European AIDS Treatment GroupInternational
ILGA-EuropeInternational to fight AIDS, Hepatitis C and TuberculosisInternational
MPact GlobalInternational
International Planned Parenthood Federation – European NetworkInternational
The Global Network of People Living with HIV GNP+International
Transgender EuropeInternational

[1] Since the statement was drafted and signed on, on 20 September 2023,  the EMA authorised the use of cabotegravir for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the risk of sexually acquired HIV-1 infection in high-risk adults and adolescents, weighing at least 35 kg. 

While this particular manifesto focuses on LAI PrEP, the signing organisations call for the implementation of comprehensive prevention programmes combining different strategies and tools as defined by WHO and UNAIDS.


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