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Scientific research

Fauci: Follow the science to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic

GLASGOW, United Kingdom — The possibility of controlling HIV without eradicating the virus is a hot new area of research, Anthony Fauci, MD, director of the National Institute of Allergy…

Scientists uncover why hepatitis C virus vaccine has been difficult to make

LA JOLLA, CA—October 24, 2016—Researchers have been trying for decades to develop a vaccine against the globally endemic hepatitis C virus (HCV). Now scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI)…

New nanomedicine approach aims to improve HIV drug therapies

New research led by the University of Liverpool aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of nanotechnology. The research, conducted by…

Chemical tags affect ability of RNA viruses to infect cells

Similar controls found in hepatitis, Zika, dengue, yellow fever Large swaths of DNA and its lesser-known cousin RNA are dotted by chemical tags that act like Post-It notes, providing additional…

Inflammation triggers unsustainable immune response to chronic viral infection

Scientists at the University of Basel discovered a fundamental new mechanism explaining the inadequate immune defense against chronic viral infection. These results may open up new avenues for vaccine development.…

Gene therapy goes global: Portable device could make future cancer, HIV cures affordable

Portable 'gene therapy in a box' could make future cancer, HIV cures affordable in developing countries A tabletop device that enables medical staff to genetically manipulate a patient’s blood to…

TB tricks the body’s immune system to allow it to spread

Tuberculosis (TB) tricks the immune system into attacking the body’s lung tissue so the bacteria are allowed to spread to other people, new research from the University of Southampton suggests.…

HIV active in tissues of patients who were treated, study shows

Virus evolved & replicated in brain, kidney, spleen & other tissues While successful treatment of HIV with antiretroviral medications leads to undetectable levels of virus in the blood, controls the…

Cells infected by HIV defend themselves, research shows

T cells, important in the immune system, defend themselves when infected by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). Until now, it was considered that these cells were not aware of their infection…

Computer-based screen identifies new antiviral targets for existing drugs

Researchers developed a computer-based screening method that has identified 110 new antiviral targets for current drugs, according to recent findings published in PLoS Computational Biology. “The prospect of drug repositioning…