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Diagnostics

European Laboratory Initiative on TB expands to cover HIV and viral hepatitis

To strengthen and streamline the joint response to tuberculosis (TB), HIV and viral hepatitis in the WHO European Region, the WHO-established European Laboratory Initiative on TB extended its scope to…

Digital health services highly effective in early infant diagnosis of HIV in Kenya

A digital health system combining online services with text messages is highly effective in early infant diagnosis of HIV according to findings from a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Kenya published…

Cellphone technology developed to detect HIV

New, affordable mobile device could aid people in developing countries The management of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV), an autoimmune disorder that cripples the immune system by attacking healthy cells,…

HCV core antigen cost-saving alternative for diagnosing hepatitis C

HCV-core-antigen testing is a cost-saving alternative to HCV RNA testing for diagnosing hepatitis C infection, according to a retrospective study. "Our study nicely validates the recommendation of World Health Organization…

Video SNiP: PET scan “hot spots” help visualize inflammatory complication of HIV

In people living with HIV, antiretroviral therapy (ART) can suppress viral replication, improve overall health and normalize life expectancy. Unfortunately, some people treated with ART after HIV has already significantly…

Aptima and RealTime assay have high concordance in monitoring HIV viral load

The Aptima® (Hologic) assay has 6-sigma performance, high concordance with the RealTime (Abbott Molecular) reference assay, and is user friendly and efficient, making it a good choice for laboratories that…

Adding a chest X-ray to the WHO four-symptom screening rule may help detect TB in HIV patients

Adding a chest x-ray to the World Health Organization (WHO) four-symptom screening rule for tuberculosis (TB) may help detect more cases in people living with HIV while decreasing specificity, according…

Less than half of children born to mothers with hepatitis C tested for HCV, US study finds

Less than half of the children born to mothers with opioid dependency and hepatitis C were tested for hepatitis C between 2006 and 2015 in a large clinic providing antenatal…

Handbook on TB laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union – updated 2018

The aim of this handbook is to provide network members and other laboratories involved in the diagnosis of tuberculosis, with an agreed list of key diagnostic methods and their protocols…

Study demonstrates mortality benefit of Xpert TB assay in HIV patients

Patients newly diagnosed with advanced HIV in Malawi who were screened for tuberculosis with the Xpert MTB/RIF assay had significantly lower rates of 12-month, all-cause mortality than patients who were…

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