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Comorbidities

The effect of ART on cervical cancer precursor lesions

In The Lancet HIV, researchers presented a meta-analysis of the effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced cervical lesions in women living with HIV. Cervical cancer is…

Immune response to HIV linked to cancer mutations

University of Saskatchewan researchers have found the onset of breast, lung and other cancers may be connected to malfunctions of the immune system as it combats specific viruses such as…

Lung cancer screening results similar in HIV group and general population

Screening HIV-positive people for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) yielded a positive-image rate similar to that in the general population, according to the results of a 901-person study…

Parasitic disease linked to HIV infection

Women diagnosed with an infectious parasitic disease prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa are at increased risk of contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and both men and women who had this parasitic…

HIV-associated head and neck cancers have unique molecular characteristics

HIV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) is biologically distinct from HNSCC in non-HIV-infected patients, according to a study published in Cancer.1 The biological qualities of HIV-positive-associated…

Three kidney metrics worse with HIV than without in aging adults

Having HIV infection raised the chances of impaired kidney function by three standard measures in a Dutch comparison of aging adults living with versus without HIV. In a longitudinal analysis,…

Skin diseases remain common in older adults with HIV

Skin conditions, including syphilis, actinic keratosis, seborrheic dermatitis, and onychomycosis, remain common in patients with HIV who are older than 50, according to recent research presented at IDWeek 2017, held…

HIV quintuples risk for severe influenza

Patients with HIV receiving care at a hospital in Malawi were nearly three times more likely to have an influenza-like illness and five times more likely to develop severe influenza…

Patients suffering injuries in low & middle-income countries have higher prevalence of HIV

Both HIV and injury are major public health problems, especially in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the majority of problems affect multiple millions of people annually. Although both HIV…

Vagus nerve stimulation in HIV-associated depression

Depression is the top comorbidity in HIV-positive adults, with prevalence rates that are 3 to 4 times higher than those in the general population.1,2 Although standard pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic interventions…