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Comorbidities

Impaired Insulin Sensitivity in PLWHIV Associated With Cognitive Decline

People living with HIV (PLWHIV) and declining cognition exhibit hyperinsulinemia, as well as abnormal cholesterol and lipid metabolism compared with PLWHIV who have normal, stable cognition, indicating that interventions to…

Diet and exercise advice lowers diabetes risk in people with HIV

Rates of diabetes are higher in people living with HIV than in the general population, but individualised lifestyle advice from a dietitian led to clinically and statistically significant reductions in…

Hepatic steatosis common in young adults with life-long HIV

Thirty-three percent of young adults with HIV since birth or early childhood have hepatic steatosis, a prevalence comparable to older adults with HIV and “significantly higher” than HIV-negative controls, according…

Effect of Depression, Lifestyle on Cognitive Function in PLWHIV

Compared with patients without HIV, the poorer cognitive performance of people living with HIV (PLWHIV) were partly mediated by a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms and recreational drug use, according…

Many who recover from addiction still have chronic health problems, diminished quality of life

More than a third of those in recovery have health problems related to previous substance use. BOSTON – Alcohol and other substance-use problems take enormous psychological and societal tolls on…

Antiretroviral Therapy Crucial in Preventing non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, YSPH Study Reinforces

A research team led by the Yale School of Public Health has found that for people living with HIV/AIDS, both recent immunosuppression (a low recent CD4 T-cell count [white blood…

Lactoferrin Ineffective for Patients with HIV Receiving ART

Although proven to be safe and efficacious in the treatment of sepsis, recombinant human (rh)-lactoferrin treatment in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) was not associated with…

Individualized lifestyle intervention may reduce type 2 diabetes risk in HIV

For adults with HIV, a lifestyle intervention focused on energy restriction, weight reduction and improved diet may be an effective way to decrease type 2 diabetes risk, according to findings…

CROI 2019: Higher HIV viral load and lower CD4 count linked to liver cancer risk

People living with HIV who have a longer duration of detectable viral load and those with low CD4 cell counts have a higher likelihood of developing liver cancer in the…

CROI 2019: People with HIV may benefit from earlier lung cancer screening

People living with HIV, especially women, may develop lung cancer at an earlier age and with a less extensive smoking history than people in the general population, according to a…