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Comorbidities

Smoking causes one in five cancers in people with HIV in North America

A fifth of all cancers in people receiving HIV care in North America between 2000 and 2015 was due to smoking, according to US research published this month in advance…

Insulin resistance in HCV may be reversed with DAAs

Hepatitis C (HCV) is associated with insulin resistance, and elimination of the virus may help re-establish glycemic control in affected patients, according to a prospective case-control study published in the…

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation safe in patients with HIV

An analysis of hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients in the United States over a 14-year period showed that patients with HIV do not have an increased risk for serious in-hospital…

Johns Hopkins is the first center in the U.S. to be approved for living donor HIV-positive to HIV-positive kidney transplants

Living kidney donors are currently being evaluated for this medical milestone Approximately 122,000 people are on the transplant waiting list in the U.S. at any one time. Allowing HIV-positive living…

HIV does not increase aging-related brain changes in patients on ART

Researchers said they found no evidence that HIV accelerates aging-related brain changes over a 2-year period in middle-aged patients on successful ART. “This provides reassurance that, with virological suppression, [people…

The first generation to grow old with HIV are ageing faster

David Crawford is among the first generation getting old with HIV. When Mr Crawford was diagnosed with the virus in 1984, the then 29-year-old thought he'd been given a death…

Middle-aged HIV-positive people have increased risk of ‘silent’ cerebral vascular disease linked to more severe health problems

Prevalence of silent cerebral small-vessel disease (CSVD) – an important precursor to more serious neurocognitive conditions – is significantly higher among middle-aged HIV-positive people compared to controls in the general…

Diabetes in people with HIV over 50 overwhelmingly linked to old antiretrovirals, not age or body weight

People with HIV over the age of 50 are more likely to have developed type 2 diabetes if they started antiretroviral treatment before 1999 or had a longer exposure to…

High prevalence of emphysema in middle-aged HIV-positive smokers

HIV infection is associated with airway obstruction, French investigators report in AIDS. Middle-aged HIV-positive smokers were matched with HIV-negative smokers of the same sex and age. After controlling for potential…

Twice the rate of bone loss among ART-treated women than men

Bone mineral density declines twice as quickly among HIV-positive women than HIV-positive men, according to Italian research published in the online edition of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.…

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